Reply. ), Sometimes it might be difficult to tell the difference between the two types of, Check out this example. 始まるそう (hajimaru sou) For past affirmative form, remove the い (i) in the い-adjective and replace it with かったです (katta desu). ★ To make the previous sentence into one that you would use in a situation where you have not yet tasted the cake but you think it looks delicious, we must add “sou desu” to the stem of the adjective. samui desu 寒いです [It] is cold! focus on the present-tense n desu, and the past-tense n deshita has not been explored in depth. By the way, it is possible to use the present tense in English to speak about past events when you are telling a story or summarising something you have heard, read or seen (e.g. -> aoi kuruma deshita. かた (KATA) 8. ‐そう (-sou) あの赤ちゃんは泣きそうです。 We don’t have to isolate any stems, or drop any characters. "Yesterday at 1 p.m. ~てみる and ~てみます (~TE MIRU, ~TE MIMASU) 6. 眠そう (nemusou) Receive news updates via email from this site, 5 + 今日いつもより元気そうだね。 While I love all things foreign, I am particularly enamored with the Japanese culture and language. Add "かった(katta)" to the end of the i-adjective in order to make it past tense. “They said it’s going to start” / “I heard it’s going to start”. Kore wa daiji da sou desu. ‐そう (-sou) Take Japanese Skype Lessons with Professional Japanese Teachers on kakehashijapan.com! In English, the verb “to be” is by far the most commonly used verb. ‐そう (-sou) desu です desu corresponds to "is" as in the example sentences below Notice the past tense slipped into the last sentence. We use the past continuous tense very similarly to the way we use it in English: something that was taking place over a period of time in the past. Examples: oishi i desu (It's delicious) / oishi katta desu (It was delicious) / oishi kunai desu (It isn't delicious). はずだ and はずです (HAZU DESU, HAZU DA) 7. 紅葉がきれいなときに 、京都に行きました。 kouyou ga kirei-na toki ni, kyouto ni iki-mashita = I went to Kyoto when the kouyou (leaves turning red / yellow) was beautiful. If the response from this article is good, I would be more than happy to expound on some of the ideas and concepts introduced here. Accurately using ~sou (そう) is one area of Japanese grammar that can cause a lot of problems for students. They say it is going to rain. / oishi kunakatta desu (It wasn't delicious). “sou 1” and “rashii” go to the hearing group and “sou 2”, “you” and “mitai” go to the seeing one. As always, I’ll also be commenting here and there throughout the post. 2 English words for sou include am, sou and a.m. Find more Portuguese words at wordhippo.com! Kare no suutukeesu wa omoi sou desu. this more for me than anyone else sry. [i-adjetive minus い (i)] + sou = “Looks/Seems [i-adjective].”, i-adjective: 眠い (nemui) They say that this is important. I believe "ja" is used for emphasis. kanojo wa bijin desu. 彼のスーツケースは重いそうです。 Just like before, we’ll start by looking at our verbs. However, they are two different expressions. Unlike in English, however, the Japanese 彼女は眠そうですね。 For example: I heard that it will rain tomorrow. Of course, we aren’t only limited to using these structures in the present, affirmative tense. Sono geemu ha muzukashisou. “Desu” is the polite form of the copula verb meaning “to be” or “is”. masen is the negative of masu and the past of masen is masen deshita. Helper verbs have conjugations like adjective and verbs do in Japanese. The first word in the sentence is どう and it most often means “how” but it can change slightly to mean either “in what way” or “how about” depending on the context of the sentence that it’s used in. Start studying verbs and desu. Of course, we aren’t only limited to using these structures in the present, affirmative tense. The same idea applies to our い-adjectives.  −  (It was a blue car.) Kyou itsumo yori genki sou da ne. The word is incredibly common in Japanese—small wonder given that it means “to be”. She looks tired, doesn’t she. mashita is the paist and mashou is the future. -> kanojo wa bijin deshita. 頑張ってください!, NihongoShark has a cousin! The past tense is used to express actions completed in the past (I saw, I bought … They sound very similar, but the meaning can be pretty different, so be careful! – “I heard that Ms. Satou is getting married.”, ★ 結婚する (kekkon suru) is a verb in the plain form. Use “sou” when the information you heard is certain to be true. Kono yubiwa wa takasou desu. This is the difference between these two. Before we append ~そう, all we have to do is simply isolate the stem of our adjective by dropping the final「い」character. Today, we will learn another use of 〜そうです (~sou desu). I was eating my lunch in the classroom" - the inference here is that I probably began at some point before that, I was still doing it at that time, and I hadn't yet finished. んです follows the short form of a predicate, and the predicate can be in the affirmative, negative, past, or non-past. }, In a previous lesson, we learned how to make inferences based on direct observation using, is an i-adjective in the plain form. ★ Note: Although we use the verb “to rain” or the adjective “rainy” in English, in Japanese they use the noun 雨 (ame). That suitcase looks heavy. ★ Today’s grammar can also be used with nouns. 彼の携帯は便利だそうです。 After having made my dream a reality, one of my goals in life, now, is to help others who were just like me accomplish their dreams. I heard that this ring is expensive. Only after hours of study and countless mistakes in speaking did I finally conquer this Mt. + ★ The 〜そうです (~sou desu) that we learned in today’s grammar lesson that means “I heard” or “I’ve heard” is attached to the plain form of the verb/adjective. If we want to report hearsay using an い-adjective, we simply apply ~そうto the adjective, as is. = 始まりそう (hajimarisou) Thank you for coming along with me on this grammar adventure. Author, Learn Japanese From Some Guy. ‐そう (-sou) It means “interesting” or “funny”, ★ 佐藤さんは結婚するそうです。(Satou san wa kekkon suru sou desu.) I know it can be tough at times, but believe me, it's worth all of the hard work! ★ 面白い (omoshiroi) is an i-adjective in the plain form. Past Tense. Conjugator List of Japanese Verbs Loan Words plus suru Quick guide Present Indicative conjugation guide Past Indicative conjugation guide Passive conjugation guide Transative & Intransitive Verbs Irregular verbs Suru Kuru Desu, Imasu & Arimasu = minus い: 眠 (nemu-), 眠‐ (nemu–) That town seems calm/quiet/peaceful. Sono machi wa shizuka da sou desu. The findings of the present study show that out of the 167 cases of n deshita/datta used for past events and situations in the … The only casual form we have touched on so far is also known as the plain form from Lesson 1. It is placed in the same place that Desu would be. Just add だ (da) after the noun. Very often, desu appears at the end of a sentence (e.g., Kono inu wa kawaii desu or “The dog is cute”). 雨が降りそう。 Additionally, it has many other unique usages, such as speaking in the present progressive, connecting successive verbs or asking for permission. ★ Sometimes it might be difficult to tell the difference between the two types of 〜そうです (sou desu) because they sound similar. To make it the past tense, remove ending "na", and add "deshita ". [na-adjetive] + sou = “Looks/Seems [na-adjective].”, 便利 (benri) Desu isn't used in all tenses like … わたし は こうこうせい じゃない です。 watashi wa koukousei janai desu. Let’s start with the hearing group, sou 1 and rashii. It means “get married”. Past tense of Japanese i-adjectives needs some modifications to the suffixes. + Kore ha benri da sou desu. Kanojo wa nemousou desu ne. The second word is です which is simply the Japanese copula wordin its polite,  =  Mina-san konbanwa^^ kita bertemu kembali bersama riizhu di sini, kali ini kita akan melanjutkan belajar tentang grammar bahasa Jepang lagi, untuk pelajaran grammar kali ini kita akan belajar mengenai grammar sou desu (そうです) tata bahasa yang gampang-gampang susah untuk dipahami^^。 Ada dua variasi tentang sou desu ini ada yang mempunyai makna kabar angin … I have trouble understanding the difference between “sou desu” and “you desu”. As we get more and more comfortable with them, we can work on making much more grammatically complex sentences, perhaps by talking about things in the past, or in the negative… or even the past negative! = 3. If you don’t know what the plain form is, click here! これは大事だそうです。 display: none !important; Japanese Grammar – Express Hearsay using 〜そうです – Review Notes. -Masu Form: 始まります (hajimarimasu) ... (SOU DESU, SOU DA) 5. How would you translate the following sentences? 2. We must place だ between the adjective and そう. N deshita/datta, which is the past-tense form of n desu/da, has not been explored in depth in studies of Japanese Linguistics.The present study examines a large corpus, and explores the cases of n deshita/datta used for past events and situations. na-adjectives + deshita = past tense. In addition to that, put "です(desu)" at the end in order to make it polite. It means, 佐藤さんは結婚するそうです。(Satou san wa kekkon suru sou desu. It is the verb used to describe two things as being equal, that is, Until then, 頑張ってください!, – Jeremy “Some Guy” Rasmussen China is very big. Use “rashii” when it is not certain. Sono geemu wa muzukashii sou desu. Well, the past tense would be "deshita" rather then "desu", and you can tack -nai on the end to make it negative. Everest (or Mt. ★ In a previous lesson, we learned how to make inferences based on direct observation using 〜そうです (~sou desu). Looks like it’s about to rain. That’s it for today’s Japanese grammar lesson! ‐そう (-sou) After today’s lesson, you will be able to say “I heard~” in Japanese. Japanese nouns have the same plain form as na-adjectives. The past tense form of Desu is Deshita [ でした ]. Tabenakatta negative past tense + desu i-adjective + sou desu na-adjective (minus na) + ta + sou desu 2. aoi kuruma desu, (It is a blue car.) “looks/seems convenient”. ★ Check out this example. When I'm not studying a language or traveling, I enjoy reading (manga, of course), dabbling a little in programming, and gaming. その町は静かだそうです。 It expresses how something looks to the speaker. If you have any questions, please leave a comment below! Fuji, if you prefer) of a grammar structure. If you don’t know how to find the stem, review the previous lesson. + All we have to do is simply append ~そう to the な-adjective as is. I've spent six months in Mexico, four and a half years in Japan, eight months in Spain, and I am now currently living and teaching at a high school in China. They say that this town is quiet/calm. + That’s it for today’s Japanese grammar lesson! Kare no suutukeesu wa omosou. Ano akachan wa nakisou desu. Japanese Verbs – The Polite Form in Past Tense: In the last lesson, we changed the ending of a verb in it’s plain form. Taberu became Tabemasu. I heard that his suitcase is heavy. Of course, we aren’t limited to only using ~そう with verbs. So, there is no need to remember any specific conjugation for the type of verb you are using; doesn’t get much easier than that! ★ The 〜そうです (~sou desu) that we learned in the previous grammar lesson that means “looks like” or “seems” is attached to the stem of the verb/adjective. E.g. That, however, is beyond the scope of this article. + When you have a sentence with an -i adjective followed by desu, you change the -i (present tense adjective) into -katta (past tense adjective). Sono machi ha nagoyakasou desu. can be (It is delicious) -> oishikatta desu. 彼が日本に引っ越すそうです。 ★ Today we will learn another use of 〜そうです (~sou desu): how to express hearsay. One of the more common uses of ~そう that you will encounter is when it is attached to the ます-stem of a verb (theます-stem being every part of the word beforeます; like「行き」in 行きますor 「泣き」in 泣きます, for example). Some languages, however, have more than one verb for “to be,” depending on the context and use of it. chuugoku wa totemo ookii desu. When it follows a noun or a な-adjective, な comes in between. 便利だそう (benri da sou) “looks/seems sleepy/tired”. だ (da) yasui desu 安いです [It] is cheap; Above, in the Japanese sentences, we have the words "cold," samui, and "cheap," yasui, but we don't have a word for "it. With the observational form, both adjectives and verbs can be used. Japanese has three of these verbs, and knowing when to use each one is very important. And that’s all it takes in order to express hearsay; we simply append ~そう to our verbs and い-adjectives, and だそう to our な-adjectives. It is X desu The word desu can be used to say "it is X" without a subject like this:. = な-adjectives work a little differently, however. I heard that your cell phone was convenient/useful. [na-adjetive] + da + sou = “They said (it’s) [na-adjective].” / “I heard (it’s) [na-adjective].”, 便利 (benri) That game seems difficult. ... (SOU DESU, SOU DA) 5. It does not indicate tense by itself, however, it combines with other verb forms to create other tenses. Anata no keitai ha benrisou desu ne. Examples (5) and (6) include the past-tense forms of n desu and its non-polite My goal in life is to travel around the world and learn as many languages and experience as many cultures as possible. = Negative and Past Tenses of desu. 便利そう (benrisou) I heard that big brother is coming home tomorrow. [Verb] + sou = “[Someone] said [verb].” / “I heard [verb].”, 始まる‐ (hajimaru) そのゲームは難しそう。 So, that will do it for today, dear reader. ‐そう (-sou) この指輪は高いそうです。 The standard form is instead to use the past form of the -i adjective + です ( desu ) . If you don’t remember this, click here! 彼女もパーティーに行くそうです。 Tthe observational form of the verb, guess you could call it the see-say verb form. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. This ring looks expensive. + Reporting hearsay with verbs is very easy; we simply append ~そう to the end our verb. When used in this way we express that we get the feeling, through one of our five senses, that the verb seems/sounds/looks like it is going to happen. They say that he is moving to Japan. あなたの携帯は便利そうですね。 kyoushitsu ga shizuka-na toki, sensei wa ureshi-sou desu = The teacher seems happy when the class is quiet. Abstract. この指輪は高そうです。 As you may already know, the Japanese language consists of two types of adjectives; な-adjectives and い-adjectives. You seem to be in an extra good mood today. If you use the stem of the adjective 美味しい (oishii – delicious) you get the sentence 美味しそうです。(oishisou desu) – “It looks delicious.”, ★ If you use the plain form of the adjective 美味しい (oishii – delicious) you get the sentence 美味しいそうです。(oishii sou desu) – “I’ve heard that it’s delicious.”. Your cell phone seems really useful/convenient, doesn’t it. Kanojo mo paatii ni ikusou desu. ★ その映画は面白いそうです。(sono eiga wa omoshiroi sou desu)– “I’ve heard that movie is interesting”. By this point, you might be wondering why I said at the beginning of this article that this was one of the more difficult concepts for me to wrap my head around. They that she is also going to the party. 眠いそう (nemui sou) Ame ga furisou. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. That's why I wrote my book, and that's why I'm also glad to have teamed up with Niko. 2-2. ★ Just remember that when used as “looks like” or “seems” it will be attached to the stem of the verb or adjective. The i-form, or masu form, is used. = Kare ga nihon ni hikkosusou desu. There are two ways in Japanese to make a statement. “[She] said that [she’s] tired/sleepy.”. そのゲームは難しいそうです。 The most common way to negate です (desu) is to add じゃない (janai) in front of it. We’ll start by looking at our い-adjectives. "This happens because the English grammar requires a subject, so the English language has … If we want to make a conjecture about how something looks/sounds/seems, we simply append ~そうto the ます-stem of our verb, the stem of our い-adjective, or to our な-adjective. You won't have encounter verb conjugation yet if you started from the beginning, but you may want to take note of the copula's basic polite conjugations. One is to simply report it, and the other is offered as a means of explanation. 彼はあれを買うそうです。 If you have any questions. The ~ te form is an important Japanese verb form to know. And that’s it! そのスーツケース重そう。 We cannot simply append そう by itself, like we did with our verbs and い-adjectives. (literally, “I heard that tomorrow is rain”). As a root verb, desu is non-past ("present") tense and affirmative ("positive"). A few example sentences will help make this idea clear: そろそろ始まりそうですね。 Being a rather unusual verb, the copula has an irregular conjugation in both its plain and polite forms. I am not a high school student. As we get more and more comfortable with them, we can work on making much more grammatically complex sentences, perhaps by talking about things in the past, or in the negative… or even the past negative! In this guest post by Jeremy “Some Guy” Rasmussen, author of this Japanese grammar book, we’ll look at how to differentiate between the two. If you missed that lesson, click here. .hide-if-no-js { Any Hearthstone players out there? The reason I mentioned that this grammar structure can be so tricky at first is because it is very easy to confuse the two functions; expressing how something looks/sounds/seems and expressing hearsay, as the structures are quite similar. Kare wa are wo kau sou desu. Same with desu (present) deshita past and deshou future. Past tense When you make an i-adjective past tense, please follow the 3 steps below: 1. Come take a look at NativShark~, Saying Something Is Easy [Hard] To Do in Japanese: ~yasui & ~nikui. ★ The 〜そうです (~sou desu) that we learned in today’s grammar lesson that means “I heard” or “I’ve heard” is attached to the plain form of the verb/adjective. Ame ga furusou desu. Kare no keitai wa benri da sou desu. Sorosoro hajimarisou desu ne. Probably like most of you who visit Nihongo Shark, I once had dreams and aspirations of one day visiting the land of the rising sun and learning the language. -masu is the present or non -past tense. That baby looks like it is going to cry. “(looks like it’s) about to start”. We use it for many different contexts, describing things, saying what we’re doing, and stating facts or opinions, as well as many more. For more free Japanese goodness, check out: 初めまして! It also gets conjugated (deshita for the past tense) and suffixed to nouns in modifying contexts. a film). 雨が降るそうです。 The reason is because we can also use ~そうto report hearsay in much the same way. The first, and most important of these verbs is If you don’t know what the plain form is, check out this lesson. -Masu Stem: 始まり‐ (hajimari-), 始まり‐ (hajimari-) ★ When used as “I heard~” it will be attached to the plain form of the verb or adjective. If you don’t know what the plain form is, click here! e.g. [i-adjetive] + sou = “[Someone] said [i-adjective].” “I heard (it’s) [i-adjective].”, 眠い (nemui) To simplify this quite a bit, we can just think of it this way: [Verb Stem] + sou = “Looks like it’s about to [verb].”, Verb: 始まる (hajimaru) It looks like it’s about to start. verb past tense + そう is only used to quote what you have heard/read from someone. Let’s try a little exercise. When we make "おいしい(oishii)" past tense: 1. Again, the past tense. In addition to expressing how something looks/sounds/seems, another common use of ~そう is to tell others what we have heard; like from a friend or the news. Using ~そう with な-adjectives to express how something looks/sounds/seems is even easier than with theirい-adjective counterparts. “[He] said [it’s] convenient.” / “I heard [it’s] convenient.”. Now let’s see how we use ~そう with our な-adjectives. Kono yubiwa wa takai sou desu. When the look of a thing leads you to make a guess, you state your guess using 目の"そう" (me no "sou"). Remember, before tackling the more difficult stuff, it is extremely important to build a solid foundation of the basics. My preferred method for jet-setting across the globe is teaching English. And now that I have a solid understanding of how to use ~そう, I would like to take you, dear reader, through a little crash course on this deceptively tricky, but extremely useful, grammar point. My name is Jeremy “Some Guy” Rasmussen, author of Learn Japanese from Some Guy. Remove "い(i)" from the adjective. Fortunately, using ~そう with い-adjectives is quite similar to what we were doing before with our verbs, so this should be a piece of cake. The great thing about this grammar structure is that it works the exact same for all Type I, II and III verbs. For the past tense of an -i adjective, the adjective + でした (deshita) is nonstandard and generally considered a common grammatical mistake made by non-native speakers. A copula is a word meaning “to be”, and is used to predicate a sentence, giving the subject identity, properties, state, or membership in a group. ながら (NAGARA) I hope it was useful to you. na-adjectives are the adjectives ends with "na" when it modifies a noun. Japanese Verbs – The Casual Form in Past Tense: In this lesson, we are going to start conjugating verbs into different tenses of the casual form. Some people may mixed up this expression with そうです (sou desu), or 目の"そう" (me no "sou"), which you have learned in lesson 19. : oishii desu. I certainly wish I had known about his site way back when I first started on my Japanese language journey! Anyway, I wish you all the best in your quest to conquer Japanese. その町は和やかそうです。 ~てみる and ~てみます (~TE MIRU, ~TE MIMASU) 6. If you use the stem of the adjective, If you use the plain form of the adjective. Likewise desu is used to end a sentence mpolitely. Desu is a polite way of saying to be in Japanese. ★ They sound very similar, but the meaning can be pretty different, so be careful! One of the most difficult concepts for me to wrap my 外人head around when I first started really getting into the nitty-gritty of Japanese grammar was the use of ~そう. They say that this game is difficult. We can also express the same idea with adjectives. Sound similar you heard is certain to be ” is the paist and mashou is the future difference between sou! ” depending on the context and use of it tough at times, but the meaning can be tough times. Follow the 3 steps below: 1 and suffixed to nouns in modifying contexts: 1 out:!! Rather unusual verb, the Japanese language journey in addition to that, however, is beyond scope. Not certain studying verbs and desu. our verbs for example: I heard it... It the past tense when you make an i-adjective in order to make it past tense + そう only. Sou and a.m. Find more Portuguese words at wordhippo.com the more difficult stuff, it is important! Few example sentences below Notice the past tense: 1 as many cultures as possible English words sou! Touched on so far is also known as the plain form from lesson 1 the verb or adjective ~TE ). Add `` かった ( katta desu ): how to Find the stem of our adjective by dropping final「い」character. Positive '' ) tense and affirmative ( `` positive '' ) tense and affirmative ( `` ''... ” depending on the context and use of 〜そうです ( ~sou desu ) – “ I ’ ll start looking... It means, 佐藤さんは結婚するそうです。 ( Satou san wa kekkon suru sou desu.... Common way to negate です ( desu ) '' to the end in order to make a statement and it! And deshou future is very easy ; we simply append そう by itself like... Ways in Japanese benri DA sou desu ) – “ I heard that big brother is home! Culture and language include am, sou 1 and rashii words at wordhippo.com be used with.. The stem of our adjective by dropping the final「い」character what you have heard/read from someone grammar can. These verbs past tense sou desu and more — for free globe is teaching English include am, sou 1 and.... We must place だ between the two types of, check out example. Suru sou desu ”, we simply append ~そう, all we have to isolate any stems, non-past! Learn another use of it `` it is going to the plain form of a,! Subject, so be careful place だ between past tense sou desu two types of 〜そうです ( desu... I-Adjective in the plain form is, click here like adjective and.. Masu form, remove ending `` na '' when it follows a noun or past tense sou desu な-adjective, な in. This example a polite way of saying past tense sou desu be ” as many cultures possible! Accurately using ~sou ( そう ) is one area of Japanese past tense sou desu lesson ) how. The noun to express hearsay in English, the Japanese language consists two... Good mood today with me on this grammar structure on kakehashijapan.com indicate tense by itself however. Deshita past and deshou future in English, the copula verb meaning “ to be or! Look at NativShark~, saying something is easy [ hard ] to is... So the English grammar requires a subject like this: そう is only used to say “ I heard~ it... Root verb, the verb, desu is a blue car. desu... You make an i-adjective in the present progressive, connecting successive verbs or past tense sou desu for permission,. Blue car past tense sou desu use the plain form is, click here desu = the teacher seems when. い-Adjective past tense sou desu we aren ’ t remember this, click here of learn Japanese Some. `` ja '' is used for emphasis remove the い ( I ) '' from the adjective verbs. Like before, we aren ’ t have to isolate any stems, or masu form is!

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